Social Worker Salary Guide: How Much Do Social Workers Make?

Understanding the salary landscape in the field of social work is crucial for planning your educational path, choosing your specializations, and setting your career goals. Explore a comprehensive guide on social worker salaries to gain a detailed view of the earning potential you’ll have as a social worker, from entry-level positions to supervisory roles. 

What Is a Social Worker?

A social worker is a trained professional dedicated to improving the well-being of individuals, families, and communities. They work to address a wide range of challenges, from mental health and substance abuse cases to family and educational needs assistance. Social workers often serve as advocates, counselors, and coordinators for services that help people improve their situations.

Types of Social Work Specializations

Social work is a broad field with various specializations to suit different interests and skills. Here are some of the most common types of social workers:

  • Clinical Social Workers: These professionals diagnose and treat mental, emotional, and behavioral issues. 
  • School Social Workers: Working primarily in educational settings, these social workers focus on helping students with academic and emotional challenges.
  • Child Welfare Case Workers: These social workers specialize in protecting children who are at risk of abuse and neglect. They often work for government agencies.
  • Medical Social Workers: These individuals work in healthcare settings, helping patients and families navigate the complexities of healthcare systems.
  • Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers: Specializing in mental health and substance abuse, these professionals provide support and resources for individuals dealing with these issues.
  • Geriatric Social Workers: Focused on the elderly, these social workers help senior citizens and their families navigate the challenges of aging, including healthcare, housing, and quality of life.

Where Do Social Workers Work?

Social workers are employed in a variety of settings, each offering different challenges and rewards. Knowing where you can work can also help you understand the salary ranges and job growth opportunities in those areas.

Traditional Social Work Settings

  • Hospitals: Medical social workers assist patients and their families with the emotional, financial, and social challenges that come with illness or hospitalization.
  • Schools: School social workers focus on the academic and emotional well-being of students, working closely with teachers and parents to create supportive environments.
  • Government Agencies: Social workers in this setting often work on policy, advocacy, and community organization. They may also be involved in child welfare cases.

Non-Traditional Social Work Settings

  • Private Practice: Licensed clinical social workers may choose to open their own practice, offering specialized services like mental health counseling.
  • Corporations: Some companies hire social workers for human resources roles, employee wellness programs, or corporate social responsibility initiatives.
  • Non-Profit Organizations: Social workers in NGOs often focus on community development, advocacy, and direct-service programs for marginalized populations.

Emerging Social Work Fields

  • Telehealth: With the rise of online healthcare, some social workers are moving into telehealth to provide remote counseling services.
  • Crisis Centers: These are often fast-paced, high-stress environments where social workers may deal with emergencies like natural disasters or community violence.

How to Become a Social Worker

Becoming a social worker involves several steps, from education and licensure to gaining experience and possibly pursuing advanced degrees for specialization. Here’s a breakdown of the process.

Educational Requirements

To start your career in social work, you’ll typically need at least a bachelor’s degree.

  • Bachelor of Social Work (BSW): This is the most straightforward path, focusing on foundational social work skills.
  • Bachelor’s Degree in a Related Field: Degrees in psychology, sociology, or human services can also serve as a starting point, although you may need additional coursework or training.

Licensing and Certification

After completing your education, you’ll need to become licensed to practice, which usually involves passing an exam.

  • State Licensure: Requirements vary by state but generally include an exam and supervised work experience.
  • Specialized Certifications: Some areas of social work have additional certification requirements, such as clinical social work.

Gain Experience

Before moving into specialized roles or advanced positions, gaining practical experience is crucial.

  • Internships: Many educational programs include internship requirements, offering hands-on experience in different settings.
  • Entry-Level Positions: These roles provide valuable experience and often serve as a stepping stone to more specialized positions.

Advanced Education and Specialization

For those looking to specialize or move into higher-paying roles, advanced education is often necessary.

  • Master of Social Work (MSW): An MSW degree is required for clinical roles and offers the chance to specialize in areas like healthcare, school social work, or mental health.
  • Doctorate in Social Work (DSW or PhD): These degrees are focused on research and are most useful for those looking to move into academia or high-level policy work.

Social Worker Salary

When it comes to salary, social work offers a range of earning potentials based on factors like education, experience, specialization, and geographic location.

Median Salary

According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual salary for social workers as of 2022 is approximately $55,350. The salary range typically starts from around $36,600 for entry-level positions and can go up to $87,300 or more for experienced professionals in specialized roles. 

Highest Paying Social Work Careers

Not all social work roles are equal when it comes to salary. Some specializations that offer higher earning potentials include the following, according to the BLS:

  • Hospital Social Workers: With a median salary of around $66,300, these professionals work in healthcare settings and often require a Master of Social Work.
  • Government Social Workers: These roles offer a median salary of approximately $62,390 and are often available to those with a bachelor’s degree.
  • Healthcare Social Workers: Social workers specializing in healthcare don’t just work in hospitals. They may also work in nursing homes, government agencies, community resource centers, and more. The median salary for healthcare social workers was $60,280 as of 2022.

Highest Paying States

Geographic location can also significantly impact your earning potential. Here are some states where social workers tend to earn more:

  • Rhode Island: Average salary $84,430
  • Washington: Average salary $82,220
  • Oklahoma: Average salary $80,410
  • District of Columbia: Average salary $79,520
  • Kansas: Average salary $78,610

Understanding the salary landscape across different states can help you make informed decisions about where to practice, especially if you’re open to relocation for better career opportunities.

Social Worker Salary with a Bachelor’s Degree

Holding a Bachelor of Social Work degree can provide a range of income levels.

Salary Overview

  • Average Salary: According to Payscale, the median salary for a social worker with a bachelor’s degree was about $56,000 as of 2023.
  • Salary Range: The salary can range from approximately $35,000 for entry-level positions to around $80,000 for those with several years of experience or specialized roles.

Common Roles and Salaries

  • Case Manager: Median salary of around $43,000
  • Mental Health Therapist: Median salary of around $52,000
  • Social Worker: Median salary of around $50,000

Social Worker Salary with a Master’s Degree

Holding a Master of Social Work (MSW) not only opens doors to specialized roles, but also significantly impacts your earning potential.

Salary Overview

  • Average Salary: The median salary for social workers with an MSW was around $60,000 per year as of 2023, according to Payscale.
  • Salary Range: Salaries can range from $42,000 for less experienced roles to well over $84,000 for experienced or specialized social workers.

Common Roles and Salaries

  • Clinical Social Worker: Median salary of around $64,000
  • Healthcare Social Worker: Median salary of around $61,000
  • School Social Worker: Median salary of around $52,000

Social Worker Salary with a Doctorate Degree

For those who aspire to the highest levels of academic and professional achievement in social work, a doctorate degree (DSW or PhD) can be the pinnacle achievement. But how does this advanced level of education translate into salary?

Salary Overview

  • Average Salary: Social workers with a doctorate degree can expect a median salary of around $95,000, according to Payscale.
  • Salary Range: The range can extend from $60,000 for less experienced roles to $160,000 for those in academia, research, or high-level administrative positions.

Common Roles and Salaries

  • Clinical Director: Median salary of about $92,000
  • Associate Professor: Median salary of about $69,000
  • Diversity Manager: Median salary of about $111,000

Social Worker Career and Job Growth

The field of social work is not just emotionally rewarding, it’s also a career path with a stable job outlook. Here’s what you can expect in terms of career and job growth.

Ten-Year Job Growth Projection

According to the BLS, the overall employment of social workers is projected to grow 7% from 2022 to 2032, faster than the average for all occupations.

Emerging Fields and Opportunities

  • Telehealth: The rise of remote healthcare services opens new opportunities for social workers skilled in online counseling.
  • Mental Health: With increasing awareness of mental health issues, social workers specializing in this area are in high demand.
  • Aging Population: As the population ages, geriatric social workers will be increasingly needed to help older adults and their families.

Career Advancement

  • Supervisory Roles: With experience, social workers can move into supervisory or administrative roles, which often come with higher salaries.
  • Specialization: Gaining additional certifications or degrees can open doors to specialized roles with higher earning potential.
  • Private Practice: For those with the requisite experience and licensure, private practice offers both autonomy and potentially higher earnings.

Social Worker Degrees

Choosing the right degree is a critical step in your journey to becoming a social worker. Each level of education opens different doors in terms of roles, responsibilities, and, of course, salary. Here’s a breakdown of the degrees available in social work and what you can expect from each.

Bachelor’s Degree in Social Work

A Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) is often the minimum requirement for entry-level positions in the field.

  • Duration: Typically 4 years
  • Coursework: Includes subjects like psychology, sociology, social welfare policy, and fieldwork
  • Career Prospects: Entry-level positions such as case manager, mental health assistant, and residential counselor

Master’s Degree in Social Work

A Master of Social Work (MSW) is required for clinical roles and offers opportunities for specialization.

  • Duration: Generally 2 years following a bachelor’s degree
  • Coursework: Advanced subjects in social work theory, research methods, and specialized fields like healthcare or child welfare
  • Career Prospects: Positions such as clinical social worker, healthcare social worker, school social worker

Doctorate Degree in Social Work

A doctorate degree in social work — whether a Doctor of Social Work (DSW) or Doctor of Philosophy in Social Work (PhD) — is the highest level of education in this field, focused on research and academia.

  • Duration: 3 to 5 years following a master’s degree
  • Coursework: Advanced research methods, social policy, specialized subjects based on research interests
  • Career Prospects: Roles such as university professor, research director, high-level administrator

Online vs. Traditional Degrees

  • Online Degrees: Offer flexibility and are becoming increasingly accepted, especially for master’s and doctorate levels
  • Traditional Degrees: May be preferred for the bachelor’s level due to the importance of fieldwork and direct interaction


  • Council on Social Work Education (CSWE): It’s important to ensure that your program is accredited by the CSWE for better job prospects and eligibility for licensure.

Social Worker Salary FAQ

What Degree Do I Need to Become a Social Worker?

  • Minimum Requirement: A Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) is often the minimum educational requirement for entry-level positions.
  • Clinical Roles: A Master of Social Work (MSW) is required for clinical roles and specialized positions.
  • Academia and Research: A Doctorate in Social Work (DSW or PhD) is typically required for academic and high-level research positions.

What Do Social Workers Do?

  • Roles and Responsibilities: Social workers assist individuals, families, and communities in coping with challenges they face. This can range from mental health issues to family dynamics and educational needs.
  • Settings: Social workers can be found in a variety of settings, including hospitals, schools, government agencies, and private practice.
  • Specializations: The field offers various specializations, such as clinical social work, healthcare, school social work, and child welfare.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Social Worker?

  • Bachelor’s Degree: Typically takes 4 years of full-time study
  • Master’s Degree: An additional 2 years following a bachelor’s degree
  • Doctorate Degree: Can take an additional 3 to 5 years after completing a master’s degree
  • Licensure: Process can vary by state but generally involves an exam and supervised work experience

How Much Do Social Workers Make?

  • Bachelor’s Degree: Average salary is $56,000
  • Master’s Degree: Average salary is $60,000
  • Doctorate Degree: Average salary is $95,000
  • Factors: Influenced by experience, geographic location, and specialization

What Skills Do I Need to Be a Social Worker?

  • Communication Skills: Essential for interacting with clients and other professionals
  • Empathy: Crucial for understanding and relating to clients’ challenges
  • Problem-Solving: Needed for helping clients find solutions to their issues
  • Organizational Skills: Important for managing caseloads and administrative tasks

Are There Internship Opportunities for Social Workers?

  • Educational Programs: Many bachelor’s and master’s programs in social work include internship requirements as part of the curriculum.
  • Settings: Internships can be found in various settings, such as hospitals, schools, and non-profit organizations.

Benefits: Internships provide hands-on experience and can be a stepping stone to full-time positions.

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